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Choosing the Right Flooring for Your Home

Flooring Fairfield NJ is an important design element that can significantly affect your space’s appearance. Matching your flooring to each room’s function is essential. Choose durable floors for high-traffic areas, like kitchens; softer options, such as carpeting, are best for bedrooms.Flooring

Natural linoleum is made from pine resin, wood flour, cork flour, and limestone pressed onto jute backing. It requires a coat of natural wax for protection and upkeep.

Hardwood floors add beauty to any room. They look good with almost any furniture style and can be used to complement a wide range of color schemes. Hardwood floors are very easy to clean and sanitize. They are also hypoallergenic and can help prevent a variety of allergies, such as dust mites, animal dander, mold and mildew.

When choosing hardwood, you must consider your lifestyle and how you plan to use the space. Hardwood can show wear and tear over time, but it can be sanded down and refinished to restore its appearance. Hardwood can be more expensive than other flooring materials, but it is long-lasting.

Wood’s natural grain patterns make it ideal for use in larger rooms. The grains help to break up the space and can help to visually expand a room. Many homeowners choose to enhance the natural look of wood by adding trim pieces, molding or inlay patterns.

There are several species of wood that can be used for flooring, but the most common in the United States are oak, maple, hickory and cherry. Different types of wood have different qualities, but they are all strong and durable. The hardness of wood is measured by the Janka scale, which measures the amount of force required to push a 0.444-inch steel ball halfway into the wood. The harder the wood, the more resistant it will be to damage.

Hardwood can be purchased unfinished and stain/seal at home or pre-finished. The difference between the two is that the finish for a pre-finished floor is applied in a factory. This is usually done with aluminum oxides and is cured under UV light, so the finish will be tougher than one that is applied on-site.

You can also purchase hardwood from a local lumber mill to cut out the middleman and potentially get better prices. Local mills may also allow you to visit and see the production process firsthand. This way you can be confident in the quality of your wood and know where it came from. Hardwood is available in a variety of thicknesses, but 3/4 inch thick hardwood is the most popular in the United States.


Tile is one of the most common flooring materials for bathrooms and kitchens, but it also works well in foyers, mudrooms, and even living rooms. It’s durable, water-resistant and slip-resistant and is available in a huge range of colors, textures, patterns and shapes. It’s not without its drawbacks, however. Tile can be cold underfoot, it’s not a good choice for homes with young children or pets, and it requires a strong, stable floor structure to prevent cracking.

Fortunately, today’s manufacturing techniques make it possible to create highly functional tile flooring that looks as good as hardwood or stone. One of the greatest benefits of tile is its durability, as it resists scratches and dents very well. It also has a high level of stain resistance and can be cleaned easily, with a damp mop or sponge and regular household cleaners.

Another advantage of tile is its versatility, as it can be used to create a wide variety of unique design effects. Patterns, for example, are a great way to add visual interest, and manufacturers have come up with many ways to create these effects. For instance, herringbone, straight-stacked, and offset laying methods all deliver different effects, while grout color can also alter the look of a room.

Like all flooring, tile can be installed in a variety of ways. It can be laid in a grid or a checkerboard pattern, for example, and it can even be installed over an existing carpet or other hard flooring. For those who want to install it themselves, there are a number of DIY products on the market that are relatively easy to use and install.

Tile floors are generally considered to be a long-lasting material, with the ability to withstand some serious wear and tear and last for more than 20 years. They’re also a great option for eco-conscious homeowners, as some are manufactured using recycled materials and production processes that are more energy efficient than traditional flooring options. Additionally, tile is often a great choice for those who want to add value to their home, as it’s an attractive feature that many potential buyers appreciate.


Bamboo flooring has become a popular alternative to hardwood floors, with manufacturers now offering a wide range of styles and colors. The material is made from a fast-growing grass, making it a more eco-friendly choice than wood. It is also less expensive than traditional hardwood, costing between $2 and $10 per square foot. A quality bamboo floor can withstand heavy use and is suitable for many environments, but it is still susceptible to dents and scratches. Area rugs and felt furniture protector pads are recommended for protection.

Like hardwood, bamboo can be found in both solid and engineered form. In solid bamboo flooring, strips of mature bamboo culms are cut into planks and joined together to create the flooring. The strips can be glued, using a low-VOC adhesive such as phenol, or they can be laminated and pressed to make engineered bamboo flooring. This flooring is usually glued down or nailed to the subfloor, but it can also be a floating floor over a plywood underlayment.

Strand-woven bamboo is made by shredding the stalks of the plant and compressing them into sheets. This type of bamboo is often used in more rustic designs and offers a natural, durable finish. This flooring is available as tongue-and-groove planks that are nailed down or in planks that float over the underlayment.

The bamboo can be dyed to achieve different color options and a variety of textures. The natural color of the bamboo is a blond color that looks similar to beech, while carbonizing the material makes it darker and more reminiscent of oak. Some bamboo is also kiln-dried, which helps to ensure the proper moisture content for installation.

Whether or not you choose solid bamboo or strand-woven, check the manufacturer’s website for FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) certification and third-party verification of lower-VOC adhesives. Some brands of bamboo have been linked to off-gassing from chemicals such as urea and formaldehyde. Look for third-party certification such as GREENGUARD and FLOORScore to help you find bamboo that is low in off-gassing.


Carpet provides a soft, cozy feel to any room and is available in an endless variety of styles, designs and colors. Carpeting is often cheaper than other flooring options and can be a great way to add a pop of color or accent to a room’s design.

Carpets can also help to reduce noise, making them a good choice for rooms with a lot of traffic or children. Carpets also provide an excellent barrier for heat and cold, helping to keep a room’s temperature stable.

When choosing carpet, it’s important to think about the fiber and texture of the material as well as its durability and stain resistance. Carpet fibers are generally made from wool or synthetics such as nylon, polyester and polypropylene. The fibers can be twisted, sheared or left intact, creating different textures and piles. The thickness and height of the fibers can also be varied.

A cut-pile carpet has a smooth finish and is ideal for formal, low-traffic areas. The short, densely-packed strands easily create indents from furniture and foot prints, however, which can require more maintenance and cleaning than other types of carpet.

Looped carpets are a good option for homes with heavy foot traffic as they can be more resilient against damage and tend to have a longer life than cut-pile styles. They’re also easier to vacuum, making them a good choice for households with multiple pets.

Another type of carpet is a flat-woven or hand-knotted rug, which has a traditional look and can be made from either natural or synthetic materials. The warp and weft threads interlock to create the carpet’s fabric, which can be shaped into different patterns and styles.

The most common type of carpeting is a synthetic nylon-based product that’s colorfast and durable. It can be dyed with a solution during the fiber creation process for rich, fade-resistant hues. Other synthetic carpets may be flecked with other colors, creating an interesting pattern and unique look. A few natural fibers are also used for carpeting, including cotton, jute, sisal and olefin. Natural fibers are often blended with other materials to provide more strength and resilience than single-fiber carpets.